Ultimate Display (1965)
Ivan Sutherland is a pioneer in the field of computer graphics and in 1965 he described 'The Ultimate Display', which included interactive graphics and force-feedback devices.
In 1968, he described a prototype virtual reality system in his paper 'A head-mounted three-dimensional display'.
But it was a team at the NASA Ames Research Center who really opened up the possibilities of virtual reality worlds with their Virtual Interface Environmental Workstation (VIEW), developed during the 1980s as a training system for future astronauts.
© NASA Ames Research Center